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From North to South: Understanding Magnetization Direction


Magnetization direction is the unseen force behind the magic of magnets, governing their interactions and applications. From the simplicity of everyday objects to the intricacies of cutting-edge technologies, it shapes the way we harness magnetism. In this article, we’ll explore the magnetization direction.

Isotropic vs. Anisotropic Magnetization

Isotropic Materials: Isotropic materials exhibit no preferred magnetization direction. These materials are relatively weaker magnets and are often used in applications where omnidirectional magnetic properties are suitable for requirements, such as refrigerator magnets.

Anisotropic Materials: Anisotropic materials have a defined preferred magnetization direction. Magnetic domains align along a specific axis within anisotropic materials. These materials can generate stronger magnetic fields in a specific direction, making them valuable in various specialized applications.


Common Magnetization Direction

In the magnet industry, three primary magnetization directions play crucial roles in shaping the functionality of magnets.

Axial Magnetization DirectionAxial Magnetization
In axial magnetization, the magnet’s magnetic field runs along its axis. This orientation is commonly used in cylindrical and ring-shaped magnets, making them ideal for applications requiring radial magnetic fields, such as electric motors.



Diametrical Magnetization Direction


Diametrical Magnetization
Diametrical magnetization involves aligning the magnetization direction across the diameter of the magnet. Magnets with this orientation are frequently used in applications like magnetic couplings and magnetic clutches.


multipole radial magnetization


Radial Magnetization

In radial magnetization, the magnetic field runs from the center to the outer edge of the magnet. This orientation is employed in sensors and magnetic assemblies, offering precise magnetic control.



Special Magnetization Patterns

In addition to the typical magnetization patterns above, some special magnetization patterns are tailored to meet the unique needs of specific applications.


dis magnetization direction 2 e1694785468675


Multipole Magnetization
Multipole magnetization is a specialized magnetization technique that creates multiple alternating North (N) and South (S) poles along the length of a magnet. Multipole magnets exhibit a repeating pattern of magnetic poles, which can vary in the number of poles and the arrangement. This magnetization method is particularly useful in various applications where precise magnetic control and unique magnetic fields are required.


Quadrupole Magnetization: Quadrupole magnets feature four alternating poles, with the North and South poles alternating along the length of the magnet.

Octupole Magnetization: Octupole magnets have eight alternating poles, resulting in a more intricate magnetic field.

Higher-order Configurations: In addition to quadrupole and octupole magnetization, it’s possible to create even more complex multi-pole arrangements with additional alternating poles.


Magnetization Directions for Magnets with Different Shapes

Magnetization direction is a critical factor in determining the properties and applications of various types of magnets. Different magnet shapes, such as disc magnets, block magnets, and ring magnets, could be magnetized by different magnetization directions that define their behavior and utility. Let’s explore the unique characteristics of each magnet type:

  • Block Magnets

block magnetization direction 3 e1694585739749 block magnetization direction 1 e1694585721677 block magnetization direction 2 e1694585686914

           Magnetized Through Width               Magnetized Through Thickness                       Magnetized Through Length


  • Arc Magnets

20230907164943 1 e1694586389553   

      Magnetized Through Thickness 


  • Disc Magnets

Axial Magnetization Direction       Diametrical Magnetization Direction      Multi-pole Magnetization

       Axially Magnetized                           Diametrically Magnetized                          Multi-poles Magnetized


  • Ring Magnets

diametric ring magnets     axially magnetized multipole ring magnet      36

         Diametrically Magnetized               Axially Magnetized in four sectors                    Axially Magnetized


  • Rod Magnets

20230907164943 e1694586854578 20230907164943 5 e1694586926662

                Axially Magnetized                            Diametrically Magnetized


Magnetization Methods

First, based on the size of the magnetized product and the magnetization direction, magnet suppliers determine the size of the magnetization tooling. Then, calculate the size of the magnetic field at the center of the tooling. The size of the tooling’s magnetic field should be 3-5 times the coercive force of the magnetized product. Finally, calculate the magnetization current. Based on the current and the voltage of the magnetizing machine, determine the energy storage capacitor capacity of the magnetizing machine.

The basic principle of magnetization is to place the magnetizable object to be magnetized in a magnetic field formed by a coil with a direct current passing through it. There are mainly two methods: direct current magnetization and pulse magnetization.


Understanding the magnetization direction of magnets is crucial for selecting the right magnet for a specific application. Whether you need a radial field, axial field, or a unique magnetic configuration, choosing the appropriate magnet shape and orientation is essential to harness the full potential of magnets in your projects.

At Tengye, we’re thrilled to be early participants in your new projects. Our passion for magnets extends from material selection and design optimization to providing magnetic solutions. We hope to bring our knowledge and experience to the forefront by actively engaging in your upcoming projects. Fill out the form and work with experts to solve the problems of magnetization direction.

Featured Image Source: Altium

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Jonah Jin

Jonah Jin
Managing Director

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